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Ukraine peace summit ends with hope

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Ghana’s President Nana Addo Dankwa Akufo-Addo (L), President of the European Commission Ursula von der Leyen, Swiss Federal President Viola Amherd, Ukraine’s President Volodymyr Zelensky, Chile’s President Gabriel Boric and Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau attend the closing press convention throughout the Summit on Peace in Ukraine on June 16, 2024 in Lucerne, Switzerland.
| Photo Credit: Getty Images

The two day Summit on Peace in Ukraine on the Bürgenstock resort in Switzerland ended on Sunday with members hoping for an finish to the conflict between Moscow and Kyiv. 80 international locations and 4 organisations of the 100 attending delegations supported the ultimate joint communiqué that emerged out of the Path To Peace Summit methods to finish the Russia-Ukraine conflict raging on since February 2022.

India was a notable voice amongst those that didn’t signal the doc. Current G-20 chair Brazil was within the room solely as an observer.

“The ongoing war of the Russian Federation against Ukraine continues to cause large-scale human suffering and destruction, and to create risks and crises with global repercussions,” mentioned the declaration that targeted on the three agendas of nuclear security, world meals safety and humanitarian points.

“All prisoners of war must be released by complete exchange. All deported and unlawfully displaced Ukrainian children, and all other Ukrainian civilians who were unlawfully detained, must be returned to Ukraine,” the declaration emphasised.

Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy hailed the diplomatic “success” of the occasion, and mentioned the trail was open for a second peace summit, with a view to ending the conflict with a simply and lasting settlement.

But he instructed a closing press convention that “Russia and their leadership are not ready for a just peace”.

“Russia can start negotiations with us even tomorrow without waiting for anything — if they leave our legal territories,” he mentioned.

Swiss President Viola Amherd claimed that the communique is ‘a strong signal from the international community for peace based on international law and the UN Charter’.

“Despite our different points of view, we have managed to agree on a common vision. We have set out that vision in the #BürgenstockCommuniqué. I am confident that we will commit ourselves to this process beyond the Bürgenstock, knowing that the road ahead is long and challenging,” President Amherd posted on X forward of her closing remarks.

In their deliberations throughout the opening ceremony and plenary classes, many of the Western bloc leaders struck the same word in underlining that Ukraine was the sufferer right here, and peace can not imply give up referring to Russian President Vladimir Putin’s newest situations to start negotiations for peace.

The elephant within the room although remained Russia’s absence with Mr. Putin not invited by host Switzerland, resulting in questions in regards to the effectiveness of the Path to Peace Summit. It is necessary to notice that Switzerland, in contrast to China, India or the United States, can also be a signatory to the Rome Statute and upholds choices of the International Criminal Court within the Hague, which has indicted Mr. Putin for alleged conflict crimes. Mr. Putin’s presence on Swiss soil may have paved the trail for his arrest. But the convention did recognise the necessity to get Moscow to the dialogue desk to finish the conflict.

“We believe that reaching peace requires the involvement of and dialogue between all parties. We, therefore, decided to undertake concrete steps in the future in the above-mentioned areas with further engagement of the representatives of all parties,” mentioned the communique.

A day earlier, Turkish Foreign Minister Hakan Fidan in his opening remarks, had insisted that the Summit may have been extra result-oriented if the opposite social gathering to the battle — Russia — had been there within the room as he supplied Turkiye’s willingness to facilitate the method of talks between the warring sides.

Speaking to presspersons on Sunday afternoon, Ukrainian Foreign Minister Dymitro Kuleba, when requested about Russia, mentioned, “That’s the idea. The next Summit should mean the end of the war. And of course, we need the other side to be at the table. It is clear that to end the war, you need both parties at the table.” However, he burdened that it can’t be peace in any respect expense, however options should be simply and lasting.

Not simply Russia, however many leaders are additionally frightened about China aligning with Russia and staying out of the Swiss summit as a substitute of pulling its leverage on Kremlin to finish the battle. President Alexander Stubb of Finland, in an interview with the Finnish Broadcasting Company, made it amply clear.

“That China stayed away is a problem and I appeal to China that they have to do something about it. China’s position, when it comes to Russia, is so strong that everybody knows that if China would give the thumbs down to the things Mr. Putin is doing at the moment, the war would end instantly. A phone call would be enough,” he instructed the state broadcaster.

Meanwhile talking to The Hindu, Austrian Chancellor Karl Nehammer hoped that the Summit for peace would discover new pals and companions sooner or later, together with India. He welcomed India’s diplomatic participation within the Burgenstock Summit as a starting and necessary first step.

“India is so important for us. India is specially very important for Austria. India helped us to become free from the Soviet occupation,” the Chancellor mentioned, tracing again the intervention of Jawaharlal Nehru in favour of Austria in 1953, throughout its negotiations with the Soviet Union on the State Treaty of Austria. The treaty paved the best way for the independence of Austria in 1955.

(With Agence France-Presse inputs)

Smita Sharma is an impartial journalist based mostly in Delhi.

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