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EU agrees new limits on Ukraine farm imports


Negotiators for the European Parliament and the Belgian EU presidency agreed so as to add oats, maize, honey and different merchandise to the import record from Ukraine, whereas preserving limits. File
| Photo Credit: Reuters

The European Union reached a provisional settlement on March 20 to grant Ukrainian meals producers tariff-free entry to its markets till June 2025, albeit with new limits on imports of grains.

In January, the European Commission proposed to droop duties and quotas on Ukrainian farm produce for an additional 12 months, with an “emergency brake” for poultry, eggs and sugar resulting in tariffs if imports exceed the typical ranges of 2022 and 2023. However, after months of protests from farmers over EU environmental guidelines and low-cost imports, EU lawmakers pushed to increase the emergency record to different farm produce and add 2021 as a reference 12 months. This was earlier than the Russia-Ukraine conflict, when the EU imposed tariffs and quotas on Ukrainian imports.

Also learn: Why are farmers protesting in Europe? | Explained

Negotiators for the European Parliament and the Belgian EU presidency agreed within the early hours of Wednesday so as to add oats, maize, groats and honey to the record, whereas preserving the restrict as the typical of 2022 and 2023 imports.

Negotiators ensured the Commission would act inside 14 days, as an alternative of an initially envisaged 21 days, if set off ranges have been reached. They additionally added a dedication from the Commission to observe imports of Ukrainian wheat and different cereals and to take motion in the event that they disrupt EU markets.

Impact of Russia-Ukraine conflict on EU’s farm imports

Ukraine’s EU neighbours — Bulgaria, Hungary, Poland, Romania and Slovakia — have complained that the farm imports have upset their producers, resulting in farmer protests and import bans. Shipments into these nations elevated after Russia’s invasion of Ukraine hindered exports by way of the standard Black Sea route.

Kyiv has mentioned its farm exports are usually not damaging EU markets, significantly now that about 95% of Ukraine’s agricultural exports go by way of the Black Sea. It has additionally mentioned the EU’s emergency brake based mostly on common imports of 2022 and 2023 was acceptable, however that including 2021 would have been unworkable.

Wednesday’s provisional settlement will want the approval of the European Parliament and EU governments.

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