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Watch | Israel-Hamas | As battle spreads, the place does India stand?

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We return to the battle in Gaza this week- the place regardless of talks for an additional ceasefire, the bombardment of Gaza by Israeli Defence Forces who’re on the bottom within the territory continued for a fourth month. The high 5 statistics of the devastation:

  1. Since October 7, when 1,200 have been killed in a sequence of brutal terror assaults in Israel one morning- Israel’s reprisal has left 26,500 individuals in Gaza useless, 65,000 injured or lacking
  2. 1.9 million individuals of 85% of Gaza’s inhabitants is internally displaced- largely in refugee shelters, 80 per cent of the labour drive is at the moment unemployed
  3. UNOSAT pictures present that by the top of November 2023- 37,379 buildings had been damaged- that’s 18% of all structures- amongst them hospitals, faculties, universities. At Davos, an official mentioned simply to rebuild homes will price greater than $15 billion
  4. In 2023, GDP per capita in Gaza shrank by 26 per cent and stands at one third of its peak in 2005, with 80 per cent of this loss occurring since 7 October
  5. UNCTAD estimates that even assuming that the army operation ends instantly, reconstruction begins immediately and GDP development goes to 10 per cent, the GDP per capita of Gaza will return to its 2022 degree by 2028 and to its 2006 ranges in 2035

From the preliminary violence- and the preliminary response by Israel, the battle has moved in some ways, a lot of which have had an influence on India

  1. The preliminary world deal with the War on terrorism shifted quickly to Civilian casualties in Gaza- whereas India abstained from one decision calling for a ceasefire in October, it reverted to its outdated stand on Palestine by December, and voted for a decision together with 152 nations calling for a direct humanitarian ceasefire
  2. Houthi assaults from Yemen on Israel by missile drones, have grown right into a blockade of the Red Sea- the Indian Navy is being known as in to assist rescue ships- and has stationed not less than a dozen warships east of the Red Sea. In addition- the break between Israel and Arab states, in addition to the Red Sea disaster has led to a pause on two main Indian initiatives- the I2U2, in addition to the IMEC- india Middle East Corridor launched in the course of the G20
  3. The battle has moved throughout the region- check out the map- Israeli strikes on Lebanon, Iran-backed Houthis focusing on Israel, terror bombing in Iran, Iran’s missile strikes on Iraq and Pakistan, US-UK strikes on Yemen, Israel strike on Iranian officers in Syria, after which a drone strike that killed US troopers in Jordan- With regional instability inching nearer to India, EAM Jaishankar visited Tehran for talks
  4. The Global South has change into more and more vital of Israel The International Court of Justice final week handed down an preliminary ruling on South Africa’s demand that Israel be tried for Genocide. While the court docket didn’t settle for the plea that it ought to name for a direct ceasefire, it criticized Israeli ministers for feedback
  5. Meanwhile Israel has launched a marketing campaign in opposition to the UN company in Palestine UNRWA- accusing 190 of its 13,000 staff of direct involvement with terror teams and the October 7 assaults, figuring out 11. The UN terminated contracts, and ordered an inquiry, however a majority of UNRWA funders- US, Canada, Australia, Britain, Germany, France, Italy, the Netherlands, Switzerland, Finland, Estonia, Japan, Austria and Romania have frozen funding. Here’s what the MEA said- bear in mind India has been offering UNRWA $5million a yr, and despatched its newest tranche in December.

On the UNRWA, India is an important development partner of Palestine. We have been extending assistance to them, both bilaterally and through the United Nations. But at the same time, we have a policy of zero tolerance towards terrorism. And in this regard, we are deeply concerned at the allegations that UNRWA staff were involved in October 7 terror attacks. We also welcome the investigations launched by the United Nations in this regard.”- MEA spokesperson Randhir Jaiswal

Where precisely does India stand:

  1. New Delhi has made the purpose on zero tolerance to terrorism, and known as Oct 7 a terror assault, however not banned Hamas as a terror organisation to date
  2. After what appeared just like the preliminary shift in direction of Israel on the UNGA- India has moved again to its conventional positions on supporting Palestine and criticizing Israeli settlements
  3. India has expressed sympathy for Palestinians however can be making ready to ship greater than 50,000 labourers to fill development jobs the place Israel has cancelled Palestinian entry permits- one concern- the influence on 8 million expats in the remainder of the Gulf area
  4. India hasn’t known as on Israel straight for a ceasefire, however other than the UNGA decision, was a part of a really robust NAM decision final month – the Kampala Declaration that condemned Israel
  5. India isn’t mediating within the disaster, however is believed to cross on messages from one facet to the opposite, because it has achieved in the course of the Ukraine conflict

WV Take:

The unprecedented destruction of Gaza over the previous 4 months has pushed India again on to the tightrope stroll between Israel and Palestine. There is an excessive amount of at stake within the outcomes of the conflict- together with India’s ties with the remainder of the area, the way forward for its main infrastructure corridors and the supply of Indian power and army {hardware}, for it to be seen coming down on one facet or the opposite.

WV Reading suggestions:

  1. The Shortest History of Israel and Palestine: From Zionism to Intifadas and the Struggle for Peace by Michael Scott-Baumann
  2. Crossing Mandelbaum Gate by Kai Bird
  3. The Palestine Laboratory: How Israel Exports the Technology of Occupation Around the World- by Anthony Lowenstein
  4. The Tribes Triumphant: Return Journey to the Middle East by Charles Glass
  5. Indians at Herod’s Gate: A Jerusalem Tale by Navtej Sarna
  6. Can we Talk About Israel? A Guide for the Curious, Confused, and Conflicted
    By Daniel Sokatch

Script and Presentation: Suhasini Haidar

Production: Gayatri Menon and Shibu Narayan

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